International trade and investment link Canadian companies, consumers, and workers to the global economy and allow for the flow of goods and services among Canada and its trading partners.
Canada’s economy is strongly dependent on international trade. The country recognizes that trade with other countries brings access to new markets, new technology and new business practices. Canada is a member of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the World Trade Organization.
Canadian businesses operate in a highly integrated global economy in which international exchange of investment, technology, people, goods and services takes place daily.
Working in International Trade
There are international trade careers opportunities in virtually every industry with all kinds of employers: manufacturing companies, exporters, importers, banks, trading houses, government agencies, logistics companies, freight forwarders, and customs brokers.
Occupations in international trade include:
- International sales and marketing: international business development managers, marketing managers, market research analysts, marketing representatives
- International logistics or global supply chain management: international sales managers, export sales representatives, procurement managers, traders, marketing agents, logistics coordinators, shipping specialists, customs inspectors and brokers, freight forwarders, import/export analysts
- International operations management: branch plant managers, joint venture administrators
- International finance: treasurers, foreign investment analysts, bank officers (in commercial banks, central banks or international development banks), insurance brokers, risk analysts
- International trade and investment: international tax accountants, consolidation accountants, transfer pricing specialists
- International law: commercial trade lawyers, investment lawyers, regulatory lawyers
- International relations: trade commissioners, trade analysts, international trade educators.
Skills & Training
There are many paths to a career in international trade. Those with high school educations can enter entry-level jobs, learn about a company’s domestic operations, gain experience and gradually move into international activities.
Post-secondary or specialized training is recommended or required in many occupations. A wide variety of training programs in international trade and business is available at community colleges and universities across Canada.
Voluntary certification as an international trade professional is available.